General Information

Full Name:

Russian Federation



142.5 million (UN, 2007)





Government type:

Constitutional Republic





Administrative divisions:

21 republics, 6 territories, 49 regions, 2 federal cities, 1 autonomous region and 10 autonomous areas


Executive branch:

Chief of State - President: Mr. Vladimir PUTIN 
Head of Government: Mr. Dmitry MEDVEDEV 
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Mr. Sergey LAVROV


Legislative branch:

Bicameral Federal Assembly which consists of 
- the upper chamber, Council of Federation (Sovet Federatsii) 
- the lower chamber, State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma)


Judicial branch:

Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Supeme Arbitration Court; 
Judges for all courts are appointed for life by the Council of Federation on the recommendation of the President


Major language:



National Day:

12 June


Monetary unit:

1 rouble = 100 kopecks

State Insignia

The National Flag

The National Flag of the Russian Federation is an official state symbol, whose description is established by law. It is a symbol of the sovereignty of the state.

The National Flag of the Russian Federation is a rectangular cloth of three equal horizontal stripes: the uppermost is white, the middle is blue and the bottom is red. The proportion of the flag's width to its length is 2:3.

The National Emblem

The State Seal of the Russian Federation is an official state symbol and the state's official emblem.

The double-headed eagle has regained its status as the centerpiece of Russia's state seal, testifying to the continuity of Russian history.

The State Seal of the Russian Federation is a rectangular red heraldic shield. At the bottom, it has rounded corners and a pointed middle. The shield is adorned with a golden double-headed eagle spreading its wings upward. The eagle is crowned with two small crowns and, above them, a large crown, all three joined together by a ribbon.

The National Anthem

The National Anthem is one of the official state symbols of the Russian Federation.

The lyrics and music of the national anthem create a ceremonial composition intended as a symbol of state unity. The Anthem's words reflect feelings of patriotism and respect for the country's history and its system of government.

The National Anthem can be performed by an orchestra or choir, separately or jointly, or using other vocal and instrumental media. Audio and video recordings can also be made and used in performing the Anthem, as can television and radio broadcasts.

The National Anthem must be performed in strict accordance with the approved music and text.

When the National Anthem is performed at official occasions, the audience is expected to stand and men must remove their hats.

If the National Anthem is played while the State Flag is being raised, the audience faces the flag.

The new National Anthem of the Russian Federation was first officially performed on December 30, 2000, at a state reception in the Great Kremlin Palace.


Information Courtesy Of Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Republic of South Africa

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